The proper method to study the ancient texts – tantra yukti

Tantra yukti is the methodology and technique which enables one to compose and interpret scientific treatises correctly and intelligently. It is the systematic approach to a scientific subject that enables one to clearly elucidate the matter in hand.

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Tantra yukti ( Suśruta 32 – Caraka & Vāgbhaṭa 36 – Cakrapāṇi 40 in number)

  1. Adhikaraṇa (subject matter)
  2. Yoga (arrangement)
  3. Hetvārtha (extention of argument)
  4. Padārtha (import of words)
  5. Pradeśa (poetic adumbration)
  6. Uddheśa (concise statement)
  7. Nirdeśa (amplification)
  8. Vākyaśeṣa (supply of ellipsis)
  9. Prayojana (purpose)
  10. Upadeśa (instruction)
  11. Apadeśa (advancement of reason)
  12. Atideśa (indication)
  13. Arthāpatti (implication)
  14. Nirṇaya (decision)
  15. Prasaṅga (restatement)
  16. Ekānta (categorical statement)
  17. Naikānta / anekānta / anekārtha (comprising statement)
  18. Apavarga / apavarja (exception)
  19. Viparyaya (opposite)
  20. Pūrvapakṣa (objection)
  21. Vidhāna (right interpretation)
  22. Anumata (concession)
  23. Vyākhyāna (explanation)
  24. Samśaya (doubt)
  25. Atītāpekṣaṇa / atītavekṣaṇa (retrospective reference)
  26. Anāgatāvekṣaṇa (prospective reference)
  27. Svasaṁjñā (technical nomenclature)
  28. Ūhya (deduction)
  29. Samuccaya (specification)
  30. Nidarśana (illustration)
  31. Nirvacana (definition)
  32. Niyoga / sanniyoga (injunction)
  33. Vikalpana (option)
  34. Pratyutsāra / pratyucāra (rebuttal)
  35. Uddhāra (reaffirmation)
  36. Sambhava (possibility)
  37. Paripraśna (question and answer)
  38. Vyākaraṇa (grammar)
  39. Vyutkrāntabhidāna (transgression)
  40. Hetu (purpose)

A book or course should also be equipped with 18 tantra guṇas (merits) and devoid of 15 tantra doṣas (demerits).

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